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A QUICK HISTORY OF INCENSE

The word 'incense' is derived from the Latin 'incensum' - to set on fire. Incense, whether stick, resin, cone or herb, is smouldered to release its fragrance through aromatic smoke.

Our passion for Incense is as old as written history. The use of cedar as incense was recorded in the "Epic of Gilgamesh", a Sumerian flood story that predates Noah. At sunrise, noon and sunset each day the ancient Egyptians burned resins and 'Kyphi', a blend of aromatic herbs, wine and fruit, as ritual incense offerings to the sun god Ra; whereas the Greeks burnt Juniper, Cedar or Myrrh to mask the stench of burning flesh during animal sacrifices to their gods. When Jesus was born, the three wise men are said to have brought offerings of Frankincense, Myrrh and Gold - which may have been referring to fragrant golden Ambergris. Incense was a valuable commodity, and burning it was like a personal sacrifice of one's wealth.

Nearly all religions, from Buddhism to Islam to Catholicism, have embraced incense - think of the burning of Frankincense during religious ceremonies; the smouldering of Sandalwood for meditation. Native Americans burnt desert sage 'Smudge Sticks' to cleanse and purify. Indian Ayurvedic medicine has long prescribed the burning of incense to treat physical or mental ailments. And in Japan, precious pieces of fragrant Aloeswood were treated as family heirlooms or state treasures.

Today incense is still used for ritual purposes. But it can also be used for so much more: to relax, to scent, to deodorise. To spark creativity, to encourage sensuality, or to lift the spirits. From the humble incense stick to hand made Tibetan dhoop or Nepalese rope incense, or even natural resin gums straight from the plant - we are spoiled with choices on how to bring incense into our day to day lives.

NATURAL VS ARTIFICIAL INCENSE

Not all incense is created equally, and most people are surprised to learn of the inferior materials used in the majority of cheaper modern incense. Rather than using traditional methods, it has become commonplace for some larger manufacturers to use ingredients such as coal powder, grease & used motor oil, melted tyres & inner tubes, and even albumen powder derived from the blood of slaughtered animals and used as a binding agent.

Others use 'punk' sticks - bamboo skewers coated in sawdust and glue, 'dipped' directly into harsh chemical fragrances such as 'pineapple' or 'banana', along with a cost-saving solvent called Dipropylene Glycol (DPG), which helps the scent go further. Synthetic perfumes or 'fragrances' are widely believed to produce harmful carbon dioxide gas when burnt, and may cause headaches, eye irritations, or be otherwise damaging to your health. Not only this, but many artificial fragrances are believed to contain carcinogenic compounds, but as the quantity used is relatively small they're deemed as legally 'safe'. Often when you come across people who tell you that they're allergic to incense, they're actually referring to this type of stick and the chemicals that are involved. It's not unusual to find that they have never been lucky enough to experience quality natural incense.

High quality natural incense generally features a blend of pure natural ingredients: sticky tree gums are used as the binding agents (rather than glue), and ground aromatic resins, woods, flowers, herbs and other botanicals are used to scent the product - whether it be sticks, cones, pure resins warmed on charcoal tablets, dhoop or rope incense. These natural ingredients give off their scent when warmed, and after the incense has finished burning the remaining scent gradually dissipates, instead of leaving that clingy synthetic chemical after-smell so often associated with cheap incense. Natural incense ingredients also don't tend to irritate or cause the headaches that many people experience when using inferior chemical-based incense.

Most high quality sticks are made using the 'masala' method, which means that the raw ingredients - including naturally sticky ones - are ground into a paste, which is then hand--rolled around the inner bamboo stick. Dhoop or cones are made in a similar way, except they are pressed into a mould, or rolled into a 'spaghetti' type shape, rather than around a stick. So a great way to get a sense of the quality of your incense can be to take a good look at the stick (or cone) itself. Is it a thin and solid looking thing that is hard to the touch? That most likely means it's a 'dipped' stick. Or can you see natural ground ingredients and powders loosely dropping off the surface - a good indicator that it's a masala stick that utilises natural ingredients like resins or ground wood powder, and naturally sticky ingredients that don't set hard like glue. Others may use a sandalwood powder base with added essential oils - there are a number of ways incense sticks can be created, and very few incense manufacturers actually admit to their ingredients list as that usually gives away just how many synthetic ingredients are included in their products. But just looking at the incense itself can give an idea of whether it may be cheap and nasty, or containing some beautiful ingredients.

Another top indication is price. If a product is excessively cheap then it’s unlikely to contain many natural ingredients as it does cost more to use botanicals than it does to take mass-produced glue & sawdust sticks and dip them in chemicals. Some brands may also appear on the surface to use natural ingredients or essential oils, however in many cases only a token amount will be natural and the rest will be padded out with synthetic perfumes and fragrances. So if a product claims to use an expensive essential oil such as Rose or Jasmine, take a quick look at the current prices of these essential oils - if a 10ml bottle of jasmine oil usually costs $100 - $200, for example, then that's a good indicator that there really isn't much of it in your $2 pack of incense sticks, and they'll instead be almost entirely scented with synthetic perfumes.

If you're looking for quality or natural incense products, just look into their list of ingredients, if it's available. Synthetic sticks don't tend to offer much of a list or description; whereas incense products that are proud of their natural quality will usually advertise some of the natural ingredients they feature. With some handmade or natural sticks you may even be able to see the ground resins or botanical powders on the surface of the stick - such a different look to the uniform dark, solid sticks of some of the cheap commercial types.

If it's important to you that you know exactly what you and your family are breathing in when you burn your incense, then you need to make sure you know what you are buying. If you're concerned about avoiding potentially toxic ingredients, we recommend that you always try to buy the most natural incense available.

As with all of our products, AROMA QUEEN aims to stock only the most natural of incense, free from animal products and artificial fragrances.

NOTE RE ASTHMA: Like many other irritants, smoke from incense can irritate and cause asthma. If you are a known asthmatic please consider this before purchasing incense products.

TYPES OF INCENSE

AGARBATTI

This is what most people picture when they think 'incense' - aromatic ingredients compressed around an inner bamboo skewer. Most popular Indian stick incense is Agarbatti incense, though they can be extremely varied in quality. Cheaper commercial 'dipped' incense can contain some pretty scary ingredients, ranging from melted tyres used for their stickiness, to rough sawdust glued to sticks and dipped in chemicals and synthetic fragrances. Good quality or natural incense sticks are quite different, and are usually made in the 'masala' method of mixing a blend of ground botanicals, flowers & herbs, roots and resins known for their aromatic qualities, along with naturally 'sticky' gums and ingredients, into a paste that is then hand-rolled around the inner bamboo stick. When people complain that incense gives them a headache it's almost certain that they're talking about the type that use artificial scents and chemicals, rather than more pure natural versions.

To burn incense sticks, simply light the end of the stick, and when it begins to glow blow out the flame and allow the stick to smoulder over an ash- catcher, incense box, or heatproof dish. The incense will naturally burn out as it reaches the bamboo skewer at the end, and the ash can be disposed of once cooled. As with all incense, never leave unattended while burning.

CLICK HERE to view our INCENSE STICKS RANGE.

DHOOP (inc CONES, TIBETAN STICKS, JOSS STICKS)

Dhoop incense is similar to Agarbatti sticks, except instead of compressing the ingredients around an inner stick, the ingredients are pressed into a stand-alone mould such as a cone or cylinder. Others such as 'joss sticks' or  Tibetan incense sticks like those pictured on the right, are rolled into a long cylinder resembling a thick piece of spaghetti. This type of incense is considered to be purer than sticks containing the bamboo inner core, as the scent of burning bamboo may arguably adulterate the fragrance of the stick. However dhoop sticks are also more delicate as they snap quite easily without the inner stick for strength.

Cones and dhoop sticks need to be burned on a heat-proof stand as they will burn right through to the base of the incense before extinguishing themselves. To light a cone or dhoop stick, just hold a flame to the tip in the same way you would a traditional incense stick, wait until it's caught and is starting to glow red, then blow out the flame and allow to smoke.

CLICK HERE to view our INCENSE CONES RANGE.

CLICK HERE to view our DHOOP INCENSE.

JAPANESE KOH

Delicate Japanese 'Koh' incense is similar to Indian 'dhoop' in that it does not contain a bamboo inner stick. The fine sticks give off less smoke and a more subtle aroma than traditional Indian incense - the fragrances are calming, and used to create a mood of tranquility to relax the spirit and the body. Particularly fabulous as an accompaniment to a relaxing bath as the incense is not as overwhelming as many other types - and as the smoke is fairly subtle in comparison to thick Indian Agarbatti sticks, it's possible to burn a few different types at once to create a unique signature scent of your own - or burn a couple of the same sticks at a time to create a stronger scent if required.

CLICK HERE to view our JAPANESE INCENSE SECTION.

RESIN

Resin incense has been used since Biblical days - pure and natural gums & resins, as well as aromatic woods and herbs that, when warmed on a charcoal disk, emit their aromas through aromatic smoke. Available in ancient favourites such as Frankincense, Myrrh, Dragons Blood and South American Copal, or botanicals such as Sandalwood chips, Palo Santo wood or crushed dried sage. Also available are blends that mix several resins and botanicals together, such as Celtic, Forest or Cathedral Blend, or 'Ritual' Blends created for a certain purpose such as Meditation or Protection.

SEE OUR SEPARATE LEARN MORE BLOG ON RESIN INCENSE for more information and full easy to follow instructions on how to burn Resin Incense & Charcoal Tablets.

CLICK HERE to view our RESIN INCENSE SECTION.

Resin incense is also available in stick form - AUROSHIKHA have a range of resin sticks featuring finely ground pure resins pressed around a bamboo inner stick. As these burn like traditional Agarbatti incense sticks they can be easier to use than the charcoal method. Visit our AUROSHIKHA page for more details.

ROPE INCENSE

Nepalese Rope Incense is one of the most unique incense types you're likely to come across, handmade using traditional methods. Dried herbs and other naturally scented botanicals are finely powdered and wrapped in a thin strip of hand-prepared Nepali lokta paper, which is then braided to form a rope-like dhoop stick, ready to burn.

To burn Rope Incense, just light the intertwined ends and once it's alight, blow out the flame to allow the stick to smoulder. Rest a lit stick in a heatproof dish of sand or ash, in a suitable censer (our Terracotta Censer works well), or a purpose-made Burner Box. Each stick will burn up to 30 - 40 minutes depending on the breeze and burning conditions.

CLICK HERE to view our ROPE INCENSE SECTION.

SMUDGE

Smudge Sticks are bundled wands made of bound herbs such as Desert Sage, Cedarwood or Sweetgrass. Native Americans traditionally perform a purification ritual known as 'smudging' to clear the atmosphere of negative vibrations and fill the environment with positive, uplifting energies. Sage smudge is the most commonly used to purify the mind, body and spirit before praying, to cleanse the atmosphere & disperse negativity. Some may use it to purify their homes or offices. Smudge sticks are also available in other herbs & botanicals, or with ground resins added to them that will also burn when the stick is smouldering.

To use a smudge stick, remove the yarn binding the stick and place it in a heatproof dish or abalone shell filled with sand or ashes, to keep it upright (or carefully hold against a shell while moving around). Light the tip of the bundle on fire until the Smudge Stick catches, then blow out the flame to allow the herbs to smoulder, sending sweet fragrant smoke into the air. Re-light as necessary. To extinguish, invert into the sand until the embers are out. Never leave a lit smudge stick unattended.

CLICK HERE to view our SMUDGING SECTION.

 

TO VISIT OUR INCENSE SECTION CLICK HERE.